Teaching the Qur'an Online and Over Time


"Scholarly Study of the Qur'an: Basic References"

The Internet is not a university library; at least, not yet. The websites available on the Qur'an provide a wide variety of viewpoints, but do not represent the range of contemporary scholarship. To only learn about the Qur'an online would be google-headed.

The following references are provided as basic books and articles useful for understanding contemporary scholarly study of the Qur'an.

last update 6/11

• Ayoub, Mahmoud (1984) The Qur’an and its Interpreters. SUNY Press. 2 volumes.

• Campanini, Massimo (2010) The Qur'an: Modern Muslim Interpretations. London: Routledge.

• Cook, Michael (2000) The Koran: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

• Gade, Anna (2004) Perfection Makes Practice: Learning, Emotion, and the Recited Quran in Indonesia. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.

• Gade, Anna (2010) The Qur'an: An Introduction (Foundations of Islam). OneWorld.

• Gatje, Helmut (1996) The Qur'an and Its Exegesis. London: OneWorld Press.

• Hamza, Feras (2010) An Anthology of Qur'anic Commentaries: Volume 1: On the Nature of the Divine (Qur'anic Studies) . Oxford: Oxford Univeresity Press.

• Hawting, G. R. and Abdul-Kader A. Shareef (1993 ) Approaches to the Qur'an. London: Routledge.
[Thirteen essays by leading scholars, both Muslim and non-Muslim, in the fields of qur'anic studies and Islamic studies.]

Journal of Quranic Studies. Edinburgh University Press.

• Lawrence, Bruce (2006) The Qur'an: A Biography. New York: Atlantic Monthly Press.

• Madigan, Daniel A. (1995) "Reflections on Some Current Directions in Qur'anic Studies," The Muslim World 85:345-362.

• McAuliffe, Jane Damman (2005) "Reading the Qur'ân with Fidelity and Freedom. Journal of the American Academy of Religion 73(3)615-635.

• McAuliffe, Jane Damman, editor (2001-2004) Encyclopedia of the Qur'ân. Leiden: Brill. 4 volumes.
[Basic up-to-date reference to all aspects of Quranic studies.]

• Murata, Sachiko and William C. Chittick (1995) The Vision of Islam. Paragon House Publishers.

• Reynolds, Gabriel Said, editor (2007) The Quran in Its Historical Context. London: Routledge.

• Rippin, Andrew, editor (1988) Approaches to the History of the Interpretation of the Qur'an. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

• Robinson, Neal (2004) Discovering the Quran: A Contemporary Approach to a Veiled Text. Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press.

• Sands, Kristin (2006) Sufi Commentaries on the Qur'an in Classical Islam (Routledge Studies in the Quran). London: Routledge.

• Sardar, Ziauddin (2011) Reading the Qur'an: The Contemporary Relevance of the Sacred Text of Islam. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

• Sells, Michael (2007) Approaching the Qur'án: The Early Revelations. Second Edition. Ashland, Oregon: White Cloud Press.
[Contains translations, commentary, an introductory essay, comments on gender and selected further resources.]

• Stowasser, Barbara Freyer (1994) Women in the Qur'an: Traditions and Interpretations. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

• Taji-Farouki, Suha (2004) Modern Muslim Intellectuals and the Qur'an. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
[Study of ten contemporary scholars on the Qur'an.]

• Wansbrough, John (1977) Qur'anic Studies: Sources and Methods of Scriptural Interpretation. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

• Wheeler, Brannon M. (2002) Prophets in the Quran. London: Continuum.



Bruce B. Lawrence

Nancy and Jeffery Marcus Humanities Professor

Department of Religion

Duke University


Office: (919) 660-3506

FAX: (919) 660-3530

Daniel Martin Varisco

President, American Institute for Yemeni Studies


This project is sponsored by the Social Science Research Council.